What is Pyelonephritis

Pyelonephritis is a serious kidney infection that can cause severe and irreversible damage to human kidneys if it is not treated on time. This infection is known to have even proved life threatening on many occasions where it was ignored as it directly affects the bloodstream. This infection basically starts as a Urinary Tract Infection or UTI and then proceeds to enter the bladder area or the Urethra and slowly makes its way to the bloodstream. The ailment is so serious that doctors recommend immediate hospitalization in order to ensure best treatment. Here is a detailed explanation of the different symptoms that one may face.

Firstly, you need to understand that the most common and probable reason for this infection is bacteria. That is present in the urethra and bladder. The bacteria will pass through the urinary tract and then multiplies. Slowly it spreads to the kidneys and infects them completely over a period of time if its growth is not arrested on time. Another important reason for Pyelonephritis is surgery. Patients who have undergone a heart or liver related surgery are more likely to contract this ailment due to the presence of foreign matter in the body when the surgery is in progress.

Here is a list of the common symptoms of Pyelonephritis that can also serve as warning signs for the same:

  • High fever
  • Frequent urination
  • A strong urge to urinate that remains constant
  • A burning sensation as well as pain during urination
  • Pus in the Urine
  • Abdominal pain in the sides, the groin area and the back

The primary method of treating Pyelonephritis is with the help of medically prescribed antibiotics. Symptoms of this ailment are known to subside in a matter of few days. But if the case is serious then hospitalization may become imminent. Here the treatment will go a step further as an intravenous tube will also have to be employed to get rid of the toxins as well as the bacteria in addition to the antibiotic medicines that one has been given by the doctor.

Additionally an individual patient who suffers from Pyelonephritis will have to consult a specialist for treatment as the underlying cause has to be determined to remove this ailment from its roots and prevent it from occurring again. Two precautions that one can take are here:

  • Drink a lot of water and other liquids as it helps in flushing out all the toxins and bacteria present in the body.
  • Urinate at frequent intervals and strictly avoid holding back when you get an urge to urinate.

Kidney is one of the important organ of our body and it serves one of the major system of body known as excretion. Any infection such as pyelonephritis can lead to lot of problems and might lead to kidney transplant. So, if you want to avoid such situations then follow every instructions given in this article.