What is Qing Dynasty
The Qing dynasty is of great significance in the history of China, as it marks the end of rule of emperors and the formation of Republic of China. It would be worth mentioning here that the dynasty ruled China for a period of almost 250 years, from 1644 to 1911. The earliest rulers of this dynasty are said to belong to the area of Manchuria which is in the North Eastern part of china. The Qing dynasty came into power after the decline of the Ming dynasty. Before bowing down to the foreign powers in the year 1912, the dynasty contributed significantly to the history of China and played a major role in strengthening the Chinese heritage.
The downfall of the Ming dynasty was caused by ancestors of the Qing dynasty who took complete advantage of the unrest in the country before coming into power. The person who is said to be responsible for the establishment of the Qing dynasty is Nurhachi. He is said to have played a major role in unifying the earlier tribes in the area of Manchuria, who later came to be known as Qing dynasty. The Qing dynasty was know as Jin dynasty in its earlier days before Abahai, Nurhachi’s son unified the dynasty and renamed it as Qing Dynasty. Therefore, Abahai can be termed as the founder of this dynasty.
The initial growth of the dynasty happened at a rapid pace, and the capital was established at Shenyang. The whole country of China came under the rule of this dynasty and there was economic development in this period. The class differences in the country too were minimized and the trade with distant lands like India flourished. However, with colonialism and imperialism beginning to gain importance in the 18th and the 19th century, the foreign powers started gaining interest in the Indian subcontinent and China.
The increasing interest of the western countries in the resources of this country can be said to be the main reason for the downfall of the Qing dynasty. The Portuguese were the first to step on the soil of China and get into trade. Weak administration and increasing influence of the colonialists made the Qing dynasty lose its hold over power. Also, people started losing their faith in the rulers as they charged the citizens heavily in order to meet their expenses to run the state and carry out wars. Eventually, the rule of Qing dynasty came to an end with the last Emperor, Puyi, giving up throne in the year 1912.