What is Rheumatic Fever
Rheumatic fever is stirring disease, which can develop a complication of streptococcus illness like scarlet fever or strep throat. This disease increases between two to three weeks after streptococcal infection type A.
This is a sort of fever occurs main in children between 5 to 15 years, though adults and young children can also get affected with this disease. The risk factor of rheumatic fever is same for boys and girls. However, infection in females can become more serious comparing to males. Such infection can cause a long term skin disease effects or can create the problem for brain, heart, and joints. Rheumatic fever can cause enduring damage to the valves of heart valves, and this course is recognized as rheumatic heart disease. Several other key problems which can occur because of such disease are heart failure, stroke and death as well.
No current healing is available for rheumatic fever but with the use of anti-inflammatory drugs, antibiotic and anticonvulsants some relieve can be provided to the patient as the drugs will help to control the symptoms of fever.
This is the rare disease, and many nations are safe from rheumatic fever. However, some of the cases being reported in few nations, particularly in south-central Asia, sub-Saharan Africa, Australia and New Zealand.
As per report presented by NHS, there are countless cases being registered in England for this fever. Approximately, every single person in every 100,000 is infected with rheumatic fever in England, which is increasing every year.
People among 25 to 35 years are mainly affected with such fever that means adults majorly get infected.
The symptoms of rheumatic fever take nearly 2 to 4 weeks to develop. Several signs and symptoms of rheumatic fever are pain in joint and swelling (arthritis), lumps under the skin, pain in chest, Chorea, headache, high fever, improper crying or laughing, tetchiness, irritation, nosebleeds, abdomen pain, breathing problem, red rashes on skin, short attention span, sweating, tiredness, vomiting, sudden weight loss, etc.
Risk factors for rheumatic fever: condition of the patient can become severe if the medication is not done on time.
Throat infection is the major cause of rheumatic fever. Though the chances become higher if the infection is happened because of group A streptococcus. Experts believe that infection occurs because of a bacterium which upsets the immune system of a patient.
Diagnosis: as per NHS, there are lots of diverse rheumatic fever symptoms. It’s important to learn about types of criteria if the proper diagnosis is required for this fever. Major criteria is the one which includes irritation of the heart, swallowing in joints, pain, stiffness, jerky involuntary movements, red or pink rashes, small nodules in the skin, particular in elbows, knees, ankles and knuckles.