What Is Rhinitis

Rhinitis is a disease afflicting the nose. It happens when the tissues in the nose which are normally soft, get swollen. Because of the swelling, you are likely to face a number of problems for respiration. The disease itself has been classified in to two categories. Causes for the attack are many. They are allergic and non allergic. As the name implies allergic Rhinitis is caused by the person getting exposed or coming into contact with substances for which he has developed an allergy. There are several substances to which a person may allergic and it’s not always possible to find out the substance that is allergic.

The swelling of the soft tissues is due to the swelling of the blood vessels inside them. This results in excess production of mucus. This excess mucus and the swelling will produce running nose, a stuffy nose, sneezing and coughing leading to discharge of mucus from the throat. In addition to the symptoms, other problems include itching of the eyes and nose and watery eyes. The excess mucus is an ideal breeding ground in the nasal cavity and around it for bacteria.

Left unattended the excess mucus in the nose and the consequent attack by bacteria may lead to severe sinus or even infections in the ears. The most common cause for allergy may be dust, pollen or mold. All the symptoms that appear are due to the reaction of the immune system to exposure to allergic substance. Living in a clean atmosphere devoid of duct is the best way  to avoid this type of affliction.

The non allergic category of this disease is little more complicated because the reasons are more diverse, and not all of them related to one another. Some of the causes are related to the body itself, like the common cold, hormonal changes, or stress.  External factors like chemical or smoke or air containing irrigating substances are also commonly associated with non allergic nature of the disease. In addition, the body may develop allergy to certain medications. For some people medicines for treatment of high BP may affect the nasal blood vessels.

Medication combined with changes in life style is usually recommended for treatment of Rhinitis. Some of the changes in lifestyle will be of help in treating both non allergic and allergic forms. Cleaning the nasal passage regularly with saline solutions will help in getting the excess mucus out of the nasal cavity. This is possible, whatever be the cause of the disease. Decongestion like nasal sprays will also help. To avoid allergic reaction from other medication it is ideal to regulate the dosage of the medicine and if possible discontinue its use.