What is Surrealism
Surrealism is primarily a cultural movement that spread its wings in the early 1920’s. Surrealism gained recognition for the writings and visual artworks as well. Most people consider Surrealism to be a form of artistic movement. Surrealism can be termed as an offshoot of “anti-art”. Surrealism came to the forefront owing to the primary philosophy of rationalism. The above-mentioned movement started after the publication of a book by French poet-Andre Brenton. The name of the book published by Andre Brenton is ‘Manifeste du Surrealisme’. The above-mentioned book primarily describes how it is possible to apply the philosophy of Surrealism to literature, art and poetry as well. According to Brenton, the subconscious mind of an individual can access artistic as well as poetic truths.
The underlying concept of Surrealism gained its influence from the work of Sigmund Freud. The work of Sigmund Freud and the philosophy of Surrealism both attempted to express the subconscious mind. The philosophy of Surrealism does not cover the below-mentioned aspects:
- Conscious Thoughts
- Conventional Ideas
It is possible to describe the philosophy as the mere expression of subconscious mind. This movement gained its influence from the concept of Dadaism.
Most people refer surrealism as a string of ‘Abstract Art’ rather than ‘Symbolism’. This movement of surrealism included two main types namely ‘Veristic Surrealism’ and ‘Automatism’. A few of the notable and well-known key preeminent surrealists included:
- Giorgio de Chirico
- Man Ray
- Rene Magritte
A few exemplary ‘Surrealistic’ works that have gained considerable repute include “The Elephant Celebes” and “The Red Tower”. Max Ernst and Giorgio de Chirico created “The Elephant Celebes” and “The Red Tower” respectively. Some of the other exemplary works created are “This is not a Pipe” and “The Persistence of Memory”. Rene Magritte and Salvador Dali composed “The Persistence of Memory” and “This is not a Pipe” respectively.
Examples of Surrealism Arts
There is little doubt about the fact that “The Persistence of Memory” is perhaps the most important and famous work of Dali. The above-mentioned painting by Dali beautifully portrays a range of soft melting clocks/time pieces as well. The clock as depicted in the painting primarily bears a testimony to the gradual passage of time when one is dreaming. A strangle unidentifiable figure is depicted in the centre of the painting. There is a common belief that the unidentifiable figure primarily represents the monster one is supposed to chase. One need to bear in mind that beautiful painting like ‘The Persistence of Memory’ and the painting depicted by Salvador Dali are simply one of the few hundreds of paintings that truly gained recognition from the surrealist movement.
One is likely to find numerous examples of Surrealist art by launching an exhaustive internet research. One can always use the painting for the primary purpose of decorating one’s home with the abovementioned art. In fact, there are numerous oil paint reproductions, prints and posters available over the internet. There is least doubt that with the gradual passage of time ’Surrealism’ is expected to proliferate across the entire globe.