What is THR
THR or Total Hip Replacement is a surgical treatment for people with hip disease replace hip partially or completely with artificial hip joint. THR is the most remarkable and successful thing in orthopedic surgery. Hip joint consist of a ball and socket and surface of each covered by cartilage. People regain motion, quality of life and physical ability regained too, apart from the significant reduction in pain and sleep improvement.
The cartilage surfaces start deteriorating due to many diseases and conditions, which leads to pain, disability and stiffness in joints. Doctors replace both ball and socket during total hip replacement surgery.
It is also known as hip arthroplasty is a surgical procedure to put back an artificial new hip joint partially or completely. THR also provides relief from devastating pain of arthritis and can be done on the individuals 60 years or older. There are risks involved with this surgical procedure as well as in any other surgical procedure so serious consultation with any health care provider is needed before this treatment is done. Your new hip may not move and thus can be dislocated. Person with Hip replacement must be watchful to sit too low or to sit cross legged.
THR is commonly conducted on the individuals suffering from acute arthritis that causes hip not to function properly or to an individual who has experienced a fracture of his or her thigh bone. Moreover, Tumors of the hip and hip bone necrosis may lead to a replacement of the hip. Complete medical examination is required prior to THR. all medications need to be reviewed that the patient is taking and a physical examination and various tests are conducted. A complete blood count (CBC), urinalysis, and an electrocardiogram (EKG) are among the tests required prior to THR. If heart disease or any other infection is discovered then the surgery not supposed to be done until person is recovered from current condition.
The hip joint includes ball and socket. THR means to replace a diseased ball replaced by a metal one outfitted with a stem. Stem is known as the prosthesis. The damaged socket is also and replaced with one made of an industrial-strength plastic. The adjacent tendons and muscles are mended before the incision is closed. Observation after operation is necessary to reducing the risk of complications and establishing patient stability. Straight away after the surgery is done the patient is observed for several hours in recovery to make sure he/she is stable before being moved to a patient room. Deep breathing and coughing are encouraged in patients after operation to avoid lung congestion. Lower extremities kept in check to ensure sufficient circulation and sensation.
Medications for pain and Intravenous fluids and anti-nausea medications are given as required. Patients are required to do some excercises while sitting on the chair a day after the operation, is a part of physical therapy. Some patients stay a short period of time in rehabilitation centre if the need arises before they reach home.Individuals got exposure their as to the everyday safe functioning at home.they are advised t use crutches, walker and other supportive things immediately after the THR operation is done.These rehabilitation and physical therapies taught there are to provide proper patient education and encourage necessary exercises to strengthen the hip joint muscle.