What is Thrush

The common symptoms of thrush are severe itching, burning and soreness. Vaginal thrush includes a whitish smelly discharge. Under normal circumstances, some percentage of Candida bacteria exists in the body. Hormonal changes, changes in the immune system or use of antibiotics can cause Candida bacteria to multiply in some body parts. In babies, oral thrush can be identified by observing a white coating on baby’s tongue, roof and sides of the mouth. Oral thrush can cause a very sore mouth. Thrush is a common disease which can be cured easily. The various creams and capsules available in the market can kill thrush but fails to treat the root cause of the disease that is the body’s inability to control thrush naturally.

Female thrush is fungal contamination of the vagina and vulva, also known as vulvovaginal candidiasis. Its symptoms include discharge, itching and burning, redness and pain. Vaginal discharge is the most common symptom of thrush disease, with a cottage cheese appearance. In some cases, the discharge smells like yeast. The other symptoms include itching and burning, but excessive scratching can worsen off the situation. Since the tissues around the genitals are delicate, the fungal contamination may make it swollen and red. This may lead to discomfort during urination, sexual intercourse, sitting and walking. Sometimes cracks may also appear as a result of vaginal fissuring.

In men, head of the penis gets contaminated by thrush. The symptoms include inflammation of penis, itching, soreness and redness. Discharge or increase in secretion of smegma below the foreskin can also be observed in men with thrush. Itching, soreness and redness are other symptoms of thrush. Pain or discomfort could be experienced during urination and pulling back the foreskin becomes very difficult. It may leads to swelling of the foreskin and sometimes cracks can also appear.

The cause of thrush is the disturbance in the balance between the bacteria and the yeast that naturally resides in the body. This balance can get upset by poor health and diet, antibiotics, pregnancy, periods, diabetes, emotional and mental stress, contraceptive pills or chemotherapy. The external factors causing thrush could be sexual intercourse, tight synthetic clothing or use of perfumed soaps and bubbled bath.

Though not a serious disease, but thrush can be very uncomfortable and may occur repeatedly if not treated completely. The cure of Thrush is easily possible by over the counter medicines, which can be available as antifungal creams, oral pills or pessaries. The treatment could last from one day to 15 days, depending on the severity. But, as it is said, prevention is always better than cure.