What is Torticollis Treatment

Torticollis is a disease or a type of disorder in which muscles of neck twist from their normal position. Neck is twisted on one side. In this condition head is tipped to one side and chin is crooked to other side. In addition to bending of the head on one side one can experience divergence of eyes and protuberance of the tongue.

Mainly there are two reasons behind toticollins:-

Inherited: – if you have a family history of this disorder. Then in that case there will be change in your genes. Acquired:- torticollis develops as a result of damage to the nervous system or muscles.

If this condition occurs without a known cause then it is called idiopathic torticollos. If the disorder occurs due to family history, it is referred to as spasmodic torticollis. There is higher prevalence of spasmodic torticollis in females, the prevalence rate of spasmodic torticollis also increases with age, most patients show symptoms from ages 50-69. The average onset age of spasmodic toticollins is 41.

There is another type of torticollis called congenital torticollis which occurs to the fetus present in the womb. Fetus head is in the wrong position. If the blood supply to the neck muscles’ of fetus is not proper then disorder occurs.

Symptoms of this disorder are:-

Headache. Improper motion of the head. Neck pain. Shoulder is higher on one side of the body. Swelling of neck muscles.

In order to treat torticollis in infants and children stretching of neck muscles is done. The treatments are successful if we start within 3 months of birth.

Torticollis which is inherited can be treated by massage and application of heat to alleviate head and neck pain.

Medications that are used to treat this condition include drug named baclofen. Injection of botulinum can be given but it has to be repeated after 3 months.

Complications that can occur are:-

Muscle swelling due to constant tension. Neurological symptoms due to compressed nerve roots.

If the symptoms do not improve with treatment or new symptoms develop then contacting the doctor is suggested.

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