What is Tourette Syndrome

Do you want to know What is Tourette Syndrome? If yes, then you are at the right place. Tourette Syndrome is actually a neurological disorder, in which a person experience both vocal as well as motor tics. Well, tics are repetitive and sudden sounds or movements, which some people make even without realizing. This problem is very common among teenagers. In problem like motor tic, one makes uncontrollable as well as sudden movements such as blinking of eyes all the time. On the other hand, in vocal tic is a repeated and frequent throat clearing sound made by someone.

Main features

Many people are not aware What is Tourette Syndrome? This is because they do not pay attention to the symptoms or do not realize that this is a problem. The name Tourette syndrome is derived from French doctor who described this condition for the first time in 1885. His name is Georges Gilles de la Tourette. In general, this condition is believed to be a genetic condition, which is inherited in majority of the cases. However, exact cause of this syndrome is still not clear. The main features of the tics in this syndrome include:

  • Sudden Utterances
  • Nonrhythmic movements
  • Include discrete muscle groups

Classifications

To know What is Tourette Syndrome? You should also learn about its classifications. The tic disorder is classified according to its type as well as duration. In transient tic disorder, there are many motor tics or phonic tics and the duration of this disorder is in between 4 to 12 months. However, in chronic tic disorder there is either one or many phonic or motor tics. These tics can be present for a year or even more. When at least a single phonic tic or many motor tics are present over a year, then Tourette Syndrome is diagnosed.

Other Characteristics and Premonitory Urge

One of the most popular symptoms of Tourette Syndrome is Coprolalia or in other words, uttering of taboo words as well as phrases. Repeating someone else’s words or one’s own words are found in only a few cases. After a tic onset, many people experience an urge like the need to scratch or sneeze. Some examples of premonitory urge are:

  • The feeling that something is stuck in one’s throat
  • Discomfort in a specific part of the shoulder

The tic actually relieves this sensation or tension just like scratching. Blinking continuously for relieving a sensation in eyes is another example of such an urge in the Tourette Syndrome. You have to learn the characteristics of this syndrome to know What is Tourette Syndrome? Some individuals are capable of suppressing their tics, but doing this leads to mental exhaustion and tension. This is why it is necessary to know about premonitory urge.

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