What is Tramadol
Sold under brand names like Ultram and Tramal, Tramadol or Tramadol hydrochloride is one of the most commonly prescribed analgesics or pain-relieving medications. It is recommended in cases of acute pain like arthritic or gout attack. Tramadol hydrochloride is a synthetic opioid that is also prescribed for associated conditions like Restless Leg Syndrome. It has been in circulation since the 1970s.
Tramadol acts in multiple ways to suppress the pain. It regulates the action of μ-opioid receptors, inhibits the re-absorption of norepinephrine and helps to release more serotonin. Tramadol is available in many formats. The most common among these are slow-release or sustained release capsules and regular capsules. Tramadol tablets are retailed in the uncoated and coated form including chewable and extended-release tablets. Tramadol powder isn’t very common but Tramadol suppositories and injectable solutions are among the standard pain-relieving aids maintained across many healthcare facilities.
Tramadol is often used for topical applications. This is when it is included in the formulation of topical pain relieving creams and gels. Here, Tramadol is mixed with other agents that are used for alleviating nerve pain. It is often mixed with medications mean for controlling the swelling also. For instance, Tramadol is sometimes mixed with transdermal patches that are lined lidocaine. This is mean for numbing the sensation when the individual is in extreme pain.
Tramadol isn’t recommended for nursing women and those who are trying to conceive though there are no confirmed statistics to establish that Tramadol has an adverse effect on the sexual, nursing or reproductive health of women. Overall, Tramadol is quite a safe medication and is well tolerated by most individuals. However, there are cases when people using Tramadol for the first time might show some initial problems. This can range from constipation, bloating, headaches, dizziness, nausea and vomiting.
Some people often complain about having a slurred vision for an hour or two after having a heavy dosage of Tramadol. The least seen of side effects associated with Tramadol include skin reactions like rashes. There have been sporadic incidences of people suffering from seizures after consuming Tramadol but the active role of Tramadol in inducing seizures hasn’t been confirmed.
Most healthcare practitioners opine that the side effects associated with Tramadol are transient and shouldn’t be worried about. They tend to resolve on their own as most people are able to metabolize Tramadol in an appropriate manner. During pregnancy, the use of Tramadol is usually discouraged and is recommended that the medication is taken only in cases of emergency. Same precautions should be taken by nursing mothers because research suggests that Tramadol can seep into the breast milk which means that it can be passed on to the nursing infant.
Tramadol might be available in OTC format in some areas but usually, it is recommended that the medication is taken after seeking consultation from a licensed healthcare practitioner. This is also important for management of Tramadol where the dosage needs to be controlled or reduced gradually. Addiction due to prolonged usage of Tramadol or self-administration without professional medical advice has been reported. Tramadol is among the more common of abused pain-relieving medications. Another issue related to overuse of Tramadol is getting addicted to the serotonin rush it induces.