What is Valley Fever
Valley fever is otherwise called as the Coccidioidomycosis which arises due to the fungal infection. The fungus known to be Coccidiodes immitis when goes to the body of humans through the respiratory system, it starts developing into the valley fever. The fungus begins it life cycle from the soil. It is more prevailed in the areas of the some parts of the United States of America. Even the diseases is infectious, it is not communicable disease that is, not spread from one man to other.
The fever usually results in the formation of reddish rashes on the skin of the body. The rashes begin to originate from the legs and then affect other parts of the body like chest, hands and behind the chest. Chances are there to develop some kind of the sores on the rashes. There are three forms in the diseases namely Primary pulmonary, disseminated and Primary Cutaneous Coccidiodomycosis.
Sometimes, the fungus enters into the blood circulation and leads to the development of other form of disease like disseminated coccidiodomycosis. This form of the disease affects the skin, lymph nodes that plays vital role in maintaining the immune system and also affects the ecentral nervous system.
Living in area that has the fungus infection itself, develops disease in human. While, there persists some other risk factors for the disease. Some of the factors are as follows:
- Anti-tumor necrosis factor therapy
- Presence of Cancer
- Chemotherapy, treatment for cancer
- Diabetes mellitus
- Medication for Glucocorticoid
- Position of heart and lungs
- HIV infection
- Transplantation of the organs
- Weak immune system
The symptoms for the diseases appear similar to those that cause the normal fever or pneumonia or flu. The symptoms expose presence of the disease, only after the period of around twenty days to create the symptoms. The symptoms are usually listed as below:
- Enlarging of the ankle, feet and legs
- Chest ache (Slight to heavy)
- Blood sputum from the cough
- Secretion of sweats during night times
- Pain in forehead
- Pain in muscles
- Reduction in appetite
- Formation of the red colored rashes
- Psychological problems
- Issues in lymph nodes
- Reduction in weight
Test for identifying the disease:
Normally, the examination of the blood for the presence of the fungi reveals the presence of the disease in the human in case of the milder forms. Further, X-raying of the chest also assists for finding the disease. The other tests include sputum culture and KOH test. For intense cases, there goes for some other means for confirming the presence of fungi which includes biopsy of lymph nodes, lung and liver. The bone marrow biopsy also lends the hands for sometimes.
Treatment for recovering from the disease:
The disease does not require any special treatment for curing. It will go off by its on rest. Medications are given for improving the immune system. Rarely surgery is preferred for eliminating the infected piece of lungs.