What is Water Management
Water management is the activity of planning, developing, distributing and managing the optimum use of water resources. In an ideal world. Water management planning has regard to all the competing demands for water and seeks to allocate water on an equitable basis to satisfy all uses and demands. As we know that water is present in large amount on earth but it only three percent is not salty and two-thirds of the freshwater is locked up in ice caps and glaciers. Of the remaining one per cent, a fifth is in remote, inaccessible areas and much seasonal rainfall in monsoonal deluges and floods cannot easily be used. At present only about 0.08 per cent of all the world fresh water is exploited by mankind in ever increasing demand for sanitation, drinking, manufacturing, leisure and agriculture.
The primarily objective of water management is to save the main resources of water supply. For this knowledge of all the resources is required. Management relates that water should be clean and it must be portable means that it should be easily available to the people who need it. Water management is a wide topic it not only relates with clean supply of water but also with sewerage management and wetland restoration. In 1977 collaboration was formed for wastewater and sewage treatment know-how with Ames Crosta Babcock (ACB) of UK, well-known leaders in the field for decades.
One area of water management deals with handling the water present in the nature. This includes monitoring the amount of water in the environment, seasonal and annual changes in water levels. Flood prevention and purifying the water to make it germ-free are also the part of water management.
As water is necessary for all fields whether it is an industry, agriculture, house-hold purpose its demand is at the peak. So, proper distribution among all fields is also vital task. Monitoring water use in these areas also allows governments to be proactive about industrial and agricultural pollution. Water scarcity may not be an immediate issue in all areas of the world, but many communities accept that there are growing pressures on water supplies and thinking ahead about water security is advisable.