What was the Cold War

Cold war was a period of political tension when the two powerful nations, Soviet Union and United States of America were competing with each other for supremacy. The difference in economic policies and ideologies of the western world and the east is said to be the main reason for the cold war. It was after the end of the Second World War with the fall of the Nazi Germany, that cold war period began. It lasted from the year 1946 to 1991 and ended with the disintegration of the Soviet Union, leaving United States of America as the only superpower on the world map.

It would be worth noting here that though Russia and USA formed a successful alliance against the Nazi regime in the Second World War, the differences between them began after the end of World War 1. Soviet Union under the leadership of Joseph Stalin openly announced that the Concept of Capitalism needs to be replaced by socialist ideologies. The increasing influence of the United States in the eastern world and in the neighboring states of Soviet Union further worsened the scenario and paved way for the Cold war that led to political unrest all over the world for half a century. Two events prior to Second world war that clearly indicate the mutual distrust between the Soviet Union and the United States of America, are the funding of Anti Bolshevik White Revolution in Russia by the USA and support extended by Soviet Union to British General Workers.

There was difference with regard to the future plans for defeated Germany and this was evident in the Potsdam Conference, 1945. The famous ‘Iron Curtain speech’ by Winston Churchill showcased the concern the western world had against the increasing influence of Socialist ideologies of the Soviet Union. In order to further strengthen its position against the nuclear capable USA, Soviet Union formed the ‘Eastern Bloc’, which comprised of occupied areas in the Second World War and the other satellite states of Russia.

The Marshall plan that was formulated as per the ‘Truman Doctrine’ provided for the allotment of funds from US to the European countries to rebuild their economy, but Soviet Union ensured that none of its satellite states signed the deal. Berlin Blockade was another incident that showed the bitter distrust of Soviet Union against the intentions of the Western World. Thus, there were proxy wars, espionage, conspiracy against each other, race for nuclear armaments and advancements in astronomy during this period. The bitterness between the two countries reached its pinnacle during the Berlin blockade and the impact of this was seen even at international sports events.

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