What was World War I
World War I was the first war in the history of the mankind wherein the almost the entire world got divided into two units and involved in a deadly battle that lasted for 4 years. The two opposing alliances in the world war were Allied powers and Central Powers. The large strength of the army that took part in the war and the casualties that went up to 9 million marks this event as one of the most disastrous in the history of mankind. Experts were of the opinion that the sudden technological development that took place in this period and the improper management of the available resources led to the high number of casualties.
A series of changes were seen in the world political scenario after the end of the world war. One would not be wrong in terming that the main reason for the beginning of the First World War was imperialism and the ambitious nature of the rulers of the time. However, the exact reason that triggered off the war was the tense situation that was caused when the heir to the throne of Austria, Archduke Franz Ferdinand was assassinated by a Yugoslavian nationalist. The Habsburg ultimatum issued against Serbia was the first step taken politically that led to the war. As an immediate result of the assassination of the heir to throne of Austria, Serbia was attacked.
It was due to the involvement of the colonies of the imperialist powers that the war assumed such a serious form. The war brought about the end of many empires like the Ottoman Empire and the Austro- Hungarian Empire. The political unrest that followed the war led to rise of national revolutions. In the colonies especially, there was rise of nationalism and revolt against the imperial powers. It would not be an exaggeration in terming that it was owing to the World Wars that imperialism met its end, as the imperial powers could no longer handle the colonies owing to shortage of funds.
The First World War, however, resulted in rise of the Fascist and the Nazi powers who were probably the most ruthless rulers of the 20th century. It was the insult that was caused to Germany in the Fist World War that resulted in the formation of the political alliance, Axis powers that led to the bombing of Pearl Harbor in the year 1941. The League of Nations, which was formed following the First World War in order to prevent any such event from repeating in the future, failed miserably as World War 2 broke up in the years to follow.